How to invest small amounts of money?

Written by admin on June 10th, 2011

Investing small amounts can be done very easy. Most people think they need a great capital to start investing and often don’t understand why they should invest. They consider investing as a financial instrument which can only grow if you spend a large amount in the stock market.

It is true that rich people can easier invest money because they can afford to set more money aside for several years without struggling to pay their bills. Investing is nowadays a necessity because everyone needs to save for a secure future and for some long-term goals.

There are several plans where you can invest small amounts of money in the stock market but it’s maybe better to invest in mutual funds because you invest immediately in several companies. Diversification is the key to have success if you want to build up your investment portfolio and it’s impossible to diversify with investing small amounts in stocks of individual companies. The fees are too high if you want to invest small amounts in stocks; so the best choice is definitively mutual funds.

Before you start investing small amounts of money you need to know the purpose of your investment and if you can afford to take any risk. Do you want to invest for short term or long term goals? There are plans for every investor.

Here are some possibilities how you can invest small amounts of money and you can consider choosing one or more of these options if it fits your goals and the risk you want to take:

*A savings account

Everyone needs a savings account for unexpected expenses and to build up a financial safety net. Nobody knows what will happen in the future and it is best to start with making a budget and you can calculate how much you can invest every month. Online savings accounts offer the best interest rate and it’s best to compare these of different banks. The rates are often twice as much compared with a traditional savings account. It is maybe best to withdraw in the beginning of every month small amounts of money from your bank account to your savings account.

*Investing in mutual funds through systematic investment plans

A savings account is the best start to invest your money but you will likely reach higher returns with money you don’t need immediately. It is possible to invest small amounts of money in these plans and it is maybe best to consider investing every month a same amount. This system of investing has the benefit that you don’t buy always on peak prices and often reach the higher returns than you spend a large amount of money at once. Systematic investing will reduce your average cost of investing.

An important issue is the risk you want to take and it is often wise to invest in balanced mutual funds (mutual funds which invest for 50% in shares and 50% in bonds). If you come near to the age of retirement you can limit the risk and switch them in mutual funds which invest for a higher percentile in bonds.

*Retirement plans

Retirement plans are popular and a necessity for the future. It is maybe the best system of investing small amounts of money. You only need to know that you can’t withdraw from this account before you reach the age of retirement. It’s an investment plan which provides money when you reach the age of retirement. You can’t invest in these plans for ten years to buy a house or something else.

There are different retirement plans between all the countries and certainly in different continents but the main principles are the same. You can invest a small amount of money every month or once a year in these plans. IRA’s and 401(k) plans are popular in America; pension funds are popular in Europe. There are plans with a fixed rate which is much higher than a savings account but you can only choose for an investing system in mutual funds according your risk profile.

These plans offer also tax benefits. Every time you invest in these plans you will enjoy tax benefits. In other words have two benefits; all these investments reduces your tax bill at the end of the year and you will reach a higher return when you reach the age of retirement compared with a savings account. It is wise to take the necessary precautions because you may need to limit your risk.

*Investing in bonds or shares

You can invest small amounts of money in bonds or shares but you will likely pay too much costs compared with investing in mutual funds. There are many shares which can be bought for a small amount but the fixed fees are often too high. There is one system where you can avoid these high fees and you even don’t need to buy a whole share but these plans are not well known because it is forbidden by law to advertise these plans. Direct purchase plans allow investing small amounts to buy stocks; it is already possible for .00 each month. The disadvantage is that you need to invest in at least 20 companies if you want to diversify to limit the risk.

There is plenty of choice to invest small amounts of money and you may need several options to limit your risk. A savings account is a necessity for building up your safety net but you may need to invest small amounts of money in mutual funds and retirement plans to reach your goals. Investing is a necessity and you don’t need much money to start investing and before you know you will reach a high investment portfolio.

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